Summary of the two positions
Throughout, I use the term Rome to indicate both the Sacred Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith and the Holy Father.
|* Jesus Christ set a permanent norm by omitting women from the apostolic team.
* Paul excluded women from teaching and presiding in the Christian assembly.
|* Because of the need of the moment Christ did not choose a woman. But he made women, in principle, equal partners in his priesthood.
* Paul’s prohibitions concern only local communities. He taught the equality of women in Christ.
|Faithful to an unbroken tradition, the Church has never felt that priestly ordination can be conferred upon women.
||Women were not ordained because of wide-spread social and religious prejudices against women.|
|Only male priests can adequately represent Christ who was a man.||Christ is not adequately represented in his priesthood by male priests alone.
|The Church cannot extend the priesthood to women.||The Church has the power to ordain women.