Tradition in Post-Scholastic Theology


(The hyper-linked comments in italics are by John Wijngaards)

Arms of John Paul II

7. Since that period (the Middle Ages) and up to our own time, it can be said that the question has not been raised again, for the practice has enjoyed peaceful and universal acceptance. [Is it not rather the case that women were so massively suppressed, both in theology and Church law, that contrary opinions were rendered impossible?]

For the full text, see: INTER INSIGNIORES.

From the Commentary by the Sacred Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith on the Declaration Inter Insigniores:

Sacred Congregation for Doctrine

37. So it is no surprise that until the modern period the theologians and canonists who dealt with the question have been almost unanimous in considering this exclusion as absolute and having a divine origin. [Does an analysis of their arguments not reveal an utter lack of comprehending the real issues, and a faulty assessment of both Scripture and Tradition in the matter?] The theological notes they apply to the affirmation vary from ‘theologically certain’ (theologice certa) to, at times, ‘proximate to faith’ (fidei proxima) or even ‘doctrine of the faith’ (doctrina fidei).36 Apparently then, until recent decades no theologian or canonist considered that it was a matter of a simple law of the Church.

Note 36. Details of these theological notes can be found in E. Doronzo, Tractatus Dogmaticus de Ordine, t. 3, Milwaukee, Bruce, 1962, pp.395-396; Cf. also F. Haller, De Sacris Electionibus, 1636, quoted in J. P. Migne, Theologiae Cursus Completus, t. 24, colt 821-854; many present-day objections are surprisingly anticipated in this work, which goes so far as to qualify as periculosa in fide the opinion that would admit women’s ordination in general, and as haeretica that which would admit them to the priesthood, colt 824; cf. also H. Tournely, Praelectiones Theologicae de Sacramento Ordinis, Parisiis, 1729, p.185, notes as an error contra fidem this assertion with regard to episcopate, priesthood and diaconate. Among canonists: X. Wemz, lus Decret., t. 2, Romae, 1906, p.124: Iure diving (he quotes several writers); P. Gasparri, Tractatus Canonicus de Sacra Ord inatione, t. 1, Parisiis, 1893, p.75; Et quidem prohibentur sub poena nullitatis: ita enim traditio et communis doctorum catholicorum doctrina interpretata est legem Apostoli: ed id eo Patres inter haereses recensent doctrinam qua sacerdotalis d ignitas et of ficium mulieribus tribuitur.

For the full text, see: Official Commentary on INTER INSIGNIORES.

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